International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management (IJSEM)

Monthly Journal for Science , Engineering and Management

Volume3,March 2018,

Topic : The Exoteric and Esoteric Elements in Hermann Hesse‟s Narcissus and Goldmund-An Existential and Psycho-Analytical Study

Authors:DR Anmol ||

Abstract:Narcissus and Goldmund depict the anatomy of the hermit and the hedonist, as well the Apollonian and the Dionysian divergent forces which are clearly divulged in the characters of Narcissus and Goldmund. Narcissus symbolizes the exalted and the inherent spiritual streak in man. On the other hand, young untested Goldmund represents the force of ‘libido’ or ‘sex instinct’. After the death of his mother, Goldmund is sent to Mariabronn, a monastery to become a pastor under the tutorship of Narcissus. Narcissus loves Goldmund and knows that it is not easy for Goldmund to be a pastor without having the knowledge of mundane pleasures, realities and experiences. Therefore Narcissus allows him to venture out into the world to seek the pleasure of flesh and mind which are essential for knowledge and maturity. Goldmund who wanders through medieval Germany seeking worldly experiences and sensual pleasures comes in contact with many young charming women like Lise, Lydia and Julie. He is loved by them, soaked by them and left by them. Day by day the gruesome reality of the outer world becomes clear to him. Goldmund even becomes a murderer; he murders Victor when Victor tries to steal his gold coin. After having the knowledge of the sensual world and aesthetic world Goldmund undergoes the process of individuation and realizes the reality of the secular world. After becoming enriched in worldly knowledge and experience Goldmund returns to the monastery to lead a life of an acolyte.

Keywords: Exoteric & Esoteric, Existentialism, Aggression & Regression of Libidinal Forces, Individuation, Mundane Experience, Higher Innocence, Psychoanalytical Interpretation, Jungian & Freudian Viewpoint

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DOI: 01.1617/vol5/iss3/pid69274


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Dr.Muhammad Ishtiaq,
Mirpur University of
Science & Technology,
Mirpur, Azad Kasmir.

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IMPACT FACTOR: 2.7

ISSN(Online): 2456-1304

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Thomson Reuters ID : q-6288-2016.
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Journal Code : IJSEM
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