International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management (IJSEM)

Monthly Journal for Science , Engineering and Management

Volume3,March 2018,

Topic : Perils and Pitfalls In The Process Of Transformation- A Psycho-Spiritual Study of Siddhartha of Hermann Hesse

Authors:Dr Anmol ||

Abstract:Siddhartha portrays the life of Siddhartha, a triumphant quest hero who is presented by Hesse as a contemporary of Gautama Buddha, the Enlightened One which lends a certain charm and mystique to his character. As a spiritual seeker, Siddhartha can be compared to Larry and Paphnutius. Siddhartha embarks upon the road to spiritual realization and salvation. Siddhartha seeks out spiritual enlightenment and leaves home, joins the ascetics, performs terrible austerities, subject himself to heat and cold, undertakes fasts and practices. Although he gains mastery over his senses yet true enlightenment still eludes him. He realizes that one cannot attain enlightenment by renouncing the world or suppressing the senses; Experience of secular life is essential for growth and development. He comes under the influence of Kamala, a lovely courtesan, who teaches him the art of erotic lovemaking. He gradually becomes a rich man under the guidance of Kamaswami, a merchant who befriends him. Siddhartha starts drinking and leads a life of ease and comfort. Years roll by and suddenly one day Siddhartha realizes that he has squandered his life. The dormant ascetic in him is reawakened and he leaves the world to become a wandering mendicant again. He becomes a companion to Vasudeva the ferryman and gradually attains enlightenment in his guidance. Siddhartha, now a ferryman, learns the essence of his journey from the running river. Siddhartha’s awakening comes out of the totality of experiences attained by immersing oneself in the carnal pleasures of the world and the accompanying pain of Samsara. He learns that experience is the aggregate of conscious events experienced by a human in life. Many characters in Siddhartha have a clear connotative connection with the oriental mythology and resemble with Vrittis i.e. Kama, Krodh, Moha, and Maya..

Keywords: Individuation, Realization of Self, Psycho-analytical Interpretation, Process of Transformation, Jungian & Freudian Viewpoint, Enlightenment.

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DOI: 01.1617/vol5/iss3/pid62083

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Dr.Muhammad Ishtiaq,
Mirpur University of
Science & Technology,
Mirpur, Azad Kasmir.

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ISSN(Online): 2456-1304

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Thomson Reuters ID : q-6288-2016.
ORCiD Research ID : 0000-0001-9540-6799

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Journal Code : IJSEM
Electronic ISSN : 2456-1304
Impact Factor : 2.7
Frequency : Monthly
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