International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management (IJSEM)

Monthly Journal for Science , Engineering and Management

Volume3,April 2018,

Topic : Impact of Gamma Irradiation on the Nutritional and Antinutritional Qualities of Mucuna Deeringiana (Bort) Merril: An Underexploited Food Legume

Authors:P.S. Tresina || V.Sornalakshmi,V.R. Mohan

Abstract:- Impact of gamma irradiation on Mucuna deeringiana, the tribal legume seeds at various doses (2, 5, 10, 15 and 25 kGy) were assessed for its proximate composition, vitamins (niacin and ascorbic acid) and antinutritional factors. Gamma irradiation resulted in an increase in crude protein at all doses, whereas the crude lipid, crude fibre and ash confirmed a decrease in dosedependent. The unirradiated seed samples of M. deeringiana were rich in niacin and ascorbic acid content. They were significantly decreased on irradiation at all the doses. Impact of gamma irradiation revealed a dose-dependent increase in total free phenolics and tannins while the rest of the antinutritional factors like L-DOPA, phytic acid, hydrogen cyanide, trypsi inhibitor activity, oligosachharides and phytohaemagglutinating activity were significantly reduced. Increased in vitro protein digestibility was noted in the irradiated seeds. Findings of the current study expose that use of gamma irradiation does not affect the overall nutritional composition and can be used as an effectual method of preservation. .

Keywords: Mucuna deeringiana, gamma irradiation, niacin, ascorbic acid, anti-nutritional factors.

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DOI: 01.1617/vol5/iss4/pid17456

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Dr.Muhammad Ishtiaq,
Mirpur University of
Science & Technology,
Mirpur, Azad Kasmir.

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ISSN(Online): 2456-1304

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Thomson Reuters ID : q-6288-2016.
ORCiD Research ID : 0000-0001-9540-6799

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Journal Code : IJSEM
Electronic ISSN : 2456-1304
Impact Factor : 2.7
Frequency : Monthly
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