International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management (IJSEM)

Monthly Journal for Science , Engineering and Management

Volume1,August 2016,

Topic : Study on Deforestation and Applicable Related Act in India

Authors:Dr. S. Kanthimathinathan ||

Abstract:Forests are green lung of India. They are valuable gift of nature to man, rather to living beings. Forest which include trees, shrubs, herbs, grass etc have a moderating effect on climate as they help in maintaining ecological balance They render the climate equable, add to fertility of soil, prevent soil erosion and promote perennial stream flow in rain-fed rivers. They shelter wild animals, preserve gene pools and protect tribal people. The supreme court has taken note of all these things in Rural Litigation and Entitlement Kendra v. State of U.P. Taking note of the need to stop mining that caused an ecological imbalance in a forest area, the court declared.’ The trees in the forest draw water from the bowls of the earth and release the same in to the atmosphere by the process of transpiration and the same is received back by way of rain as a result of condensation of clouds formed out of the atmospheric moisture. Forests thus help the cycle to be completed .These are responsible to purify the air by releasing oxygen into the atmosphere through the process of photosynthesis. It has, therefore, been rightly said that there is a balance between earth, air, water, soil and plant. Forests hold up the mountains, cushion the rains and they discipline the rivers and control the floods. They sustain the springs, they break the winds; they foster the bulks, they keep the air cool and clean forests also and prevent erosion, “Forests are renewable resources. They are useful directly and indirectly. Directly, they provide wood, timber, fuel, medicines, fruits which have commercial and industrial value such as news, print, rayon, bidi leaves, gums, resins, charcoal etc. They also provide employment to the people. Indirectly, forests preserve the physical features of land, check soil erosion, mitigate floods, help streams flow perennially and in this way help agricultural. However, the most important effect which forests produce is protection of our environment through green and leafy vegetation and wildlife. Thus it is very much essential to manage of preserving forest from deforestation to protect the environment. During the last century, forests have been cut at rates unequalled in the world and they are disappearing at an alarming rate. In India, it has been claimed that we have got vegetation cover over 19% of the total land area as against the accepted ideal of 33% in India and over 40% internationally. Thus vegetation cover is much less than required. The above discussion amply demonstrates that Indians had a culture of protecting and guarding the forests and it was a social responsibility of the individuals as well as the rulers to maintain and protect them and that India had a culture of worshiping nature in all its glory..

Keywords: ecological balance, Rural Litigation, atmosphere, renewable resources, employment to the people, protection of our environment, vegetation and wildlife etc.

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DOI: 01.1617/vol1iss2pid0010030

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Dr.Muhammad Ishtiaq,
Mirpur University of
Science & Technology,
Mirpur, Azad Kasmir.

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ISSN(Online): 2456-1304

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Thomson Reuters ID : q-6288-2016.
ORCiD Research ID : 0000-0001-9540-6799

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Journal Code : IJSEM
Electronic ISSN : 2456-1304
Impact Factor : 2.7
Frequency : Monthly
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