Open Access Journal

ISSN : 2394-6849 (Online)

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electronics and Communication Engineering(IJERECE)

Monthly Journal for Electronics and Communication Engineering

Open Access Journal

International Journal of Science Engineering and Management (IJSEM)

Monthly Journal for Science Engineering and Management

ISSN : 2456-1304 (Online)

Bio based Plastic Circular Economy

Author : Jonnel K. Pabico 1 2

Date of Publication :11th December 2021

Abstract: Plastics is already an integral part of man’s daily lives. Whatever man is doing, wherever man is moving, he will use plastic. The versatility and physical properties of plastics make it superior over other materials like papers, and metal containers. The affordability and availability of plastics lead us to a throw-away culture, that results to severe plastic pollution both in grounds or in waters. In the Philippines alone, 163 million plastic sachet packets, 48 million shopping bags, and 45 million thin film bags is used daily, in which around 0.28 – 0.75 million tons/year are thrown into the ocean. Plastics cannot be totally replaced with other materials. Transporting goods contained in other containers like metals becomes too heavy, adding costs to transportation cost. In well populated cities and countries with lesser natural resources, replacing plastics with organic materials like papers poses worse environmental footprints. To mitigate the problems on plastics, there are lots of international projects and collaborations that aims to developed technologies and system that will replace fossil-based plastics with biodegradable, recyclable, bio-based plastics and create the circular economy of plastics. ASEAN partners with European Union to acquire pilot projects from the collaboration, that can be utilized in the region to answer the call on plastic waste management. But more than the industry-state-industry cooperation, every individual has big part in the waste management. Changing our lifestyle with plastics can make our world more sustainable.

Reference :

    1. "The Advantages of Plastic vs. Glass Containers," Comar, 25 August 2018.
    2. L. PARKER, "The world's plastic pollution crisis explained," National Geographic , 2019.
    3. N. Wolchover, "Why Doesn't Plastic Biodegrade?," Livescience, New York, 2011.
    4.  H. M. J. Z. Y. Q. T. T. J. H. J. M. A.-O. S. L. S. a. S. S. Ali Chamas, "Degradation Rates of Plastics in the Environment," ACS Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering, vol. 8, no. 9, pp. 3494-3511, 2020
    5. F. M. Dayrit, "The Management of Plastic: The 3Rs are Not Enough," Philippine Journal of Science, vol. 184, no. 4, pp. 6-7, 2019
    6.  E. C. M. Z. D. E. F. D. R. J. A. S. J. V. M. M. D.-D. Emma Schmaltza, "Plastic pollution solutions: emerging technologies to prevent and collect marine plastic pollution," Environment International, vol. 144, no. 106067, 2020.
    7. R. Cement, "Pampanga LGUs Building a Stronger and Greener Republic with Cement-for-Trash Program," Republic Cement, Pampanga, 2021.
    8. E. Parliament, "Circular economy: definition, importance and benefits," European Parliament, 2015.
    9. M. B. Lewis AKENJI, "Circular Economy and Plastics: A Gap-Analysis in ASEAN Member States," Mission of the European Union to ASEAN, 2019.
    10. F. M. Dayrit, "The Challenges of Plastic Waste: Legislation, regulation and Management Strategies," NAST (National Academy of Science and Technology), Manila, 2019.
    11. G. P. karmakar, "Regeneration and Recovery of Plastics," Reference Module in Materials Science and Materials Engineering, vol. 978, 2020.
    12. M. Braun, "EU-ASEAN Technology Collaboration for Mutual benefit," E-READI, Manila, 2021.
    13.  W. W. W. K. Sebastian Kunz," Chemie Ingenieur Technic, vol. 92, no. 11, pp. 1752-1763, 15 October 2020
    14. Genomatica, "Aquafil and Genomatica join forces for bio-nylon – target more sustainable apparel, carpets and fibers," Globe News Wire, San Diego, 2018.
    15. H. T. Kennedy, "Avantium secures $27.5M funding for FDCA flagship plant," The Digest, Geleene, 2019.
    16. E. D. Jong, "PEFERENCE: Bringing the new bio based polymer PEF to market, and planning for sustainable End-of-life scenarios," Avantium, Netherlands, 2021.
    17. C. C. Commission, "CCC Calls for Proper Plastic Waste Management, Disposal this Pandemic," Climate Change Commission, Manila, 2021.

Recent Article