Open Access Journal

ISSN : 2394-6849 (Online)

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electronics and Communication Engineering(IJERECE)

Monthly Journal for Electronics and Communication Engineering

Open Access Journal

International Journal of Science Engineering and Management (IJSEM)

Monthly Journal for Science Engineering and Management

ISSN : 2456-1304 (Online)

The Ageing Population in Healthcare; Role of Leadership Theories and Policies in the Modern Era

Author : Fahim Aslam 1 2

Date of Publication :19th July 2022

Abstract: Over the year’s countries have experienced a rapid rise in ageing population. With increase in elderly population there has been a significant financial impact forced onto government healthcare institutions. Studies in the past have already stressed on this issue providing alternative solutions to deal with the ageing population. However, most studies have focused on healthcare governance and policy implementation aspects rather than the whole problem. This report focuses on providing solutions to healthcare institutions and management leaders on ways to tackle this problem using existing management and leadership practices incorporated with informatic tools.

Reference :

    1. Agarwal, D., Schwartz, J. and Volini, E. (2018) The Longevity Dividend: Work in an Era of 100-year Lives, 2018 Global Human Capital Trends.
    2. Barbazza, E. and Tello, J. E. (2014) A review of health governance: definitions, dimensions and tools to govern, Health policy, Elsevier, 116(1), pp. 1–11.
    3. Butler, R. N. (1997) Population aging and health, BMJ, 315(7115), pp. 1082 LP – 1084,
    4. Caley, M. and Sidhu, K. (2011) Estimating the future healthcare costs of an aging population in the UK: expansion of morbidity and the need for preventative care, Journal of Public Health, Oxford University Press, 33(1), pp. 117–122.
    5. Cao, H.-R. and Zhan, C. (2018) A novel emergency healthcare system for elderly community in outdoor environment, Wireless Communications and Mobile Computing, Hindawi, 2018
    6. Carenzo, L., Costantini, E., Greco, M., Barra, F. L., Rendiniello, V., Mainetti, M., Bui, R., Zanella, A., Grasselli, G. and Lagioia, M. (2020) Hospital surge capacity in a tertiary emergency referral centre during the COVID‐19 outbreak in Italy, Anaesthesia, Wiley Online Library.
    7. Catalyst, N. (2018) Healthcare big data and the promise of value-based care, NEJM Catalyst, Massachusetts Medical Society, 4(1).
    8. Chunara, R., Zhao, Y., Chen, J., Lawrence, K., Testa, P. A., Nov, O. and Mann, D. M. (2020) Telemedicine and Healthcare Disparities: A cohort study in a large healthcare system in New York City during COVID-19, Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association.
    9. Dall, T. M., Gallo, P. D., Chakrabarti, R., West, T., Semilla, A. P. and Storm, M. V (2013) An aging population and growing disease burden will require alarge and specialized health care workforce by 2025, Health affairs, 32(11), pp. 2013–2020.
    10. Dein, S. (2006) Race, culture and ethnicity in minority research: a critical discussion, Journal of cultural diversity, Tucker Publications, Inc., 13(2), p. 68.
    11. German, J. D., Miña, J. K. P., Alfonso, C. M. N. and Yang, K. (2018) A study on shortage of hospital beds in the Philippines using system dynamics, In 2018 5th International Conference on Industrial Engineering and Applications (ICIEA), pp. 72– 78.
    12. Hetland, J., Hetland, H., Bakker, A. B., Demerouti, E., Andreassen, C. S. and Pallesen, S. (2015) Psychological need fulfillment as a mediator of the relationship between transformational leadership and positive job attitudes, Career Development International, Emerald Group Publishing Limited.
    13. Heun, R., Bonsignore, M., Barkow, K. and Jessen, F. (2001) Validity of the five-item WHO Well-Being Index (WHO-5) in an elderly population, European archives of psychiatry and clinical neuroscience, Springer, 251(2), pp. 27–31.
    14. Hinze, K. and Sewell, R. (2018) One health service, one patient master index, one medical record: The journey, HIM-Interchange.
    15. Honarvar, B., Lankarani, K. B., Kharmandar, A., Shaygani, F., Zahedroozgar, M., Haghighi, M. R. R., Ghahramani, S., Honarvar, H., Daryabadi, M. M. and Salavati, Z. (2020) Knowledge, attitudes, risk perceptions, and practices of adults toward COVID-19: a population and field- based study from Iran, International journal of public health, Springer, 65(6), pp. 731–739.
    16. Kelly, C. J. and Young, A. J. (2017) Promoting innovation in healthcare, Future healthcare journal, Royal College of Physicians, 4(2), p. 121.
    17. Kumar, R. K. (2011) Technology and healthcare costs, Annals of pediatric cardiology, Wolters Kluwer--Medknow Publications, 4(1), p. 84.
    18. Lee, R. and Mason, A. (2017) Cost of aging, Finance & development, NIH Public Access, 54(1), p. 7.
    19. Lobas, J.G., 2006. Leadership in academic medicine: capabilities and conditions for organizational success. The American journal of medicine, 119(7), pp.617-621.
    20. Ludwig, W., Wolf, K.-H., Duwenkamp, C., Gusew, N., Hellrung, N., Marschollek, M., Wagner, M. and Haux, R. (2012) Health-enabling technologies for the elderly–an overview of services based on a literature review, Computer methods and programs in biomedicine, Elsevier, 106(2), pp. 70–78
    21. Marik, P. E. (2014) The Cost of Inappropriate Care at the End of life: Implications for an Aging Population, American Journal of Hospice and Palliative Medicine®, SAGE Publications Inc, 32(7), pp. 703–708,
    22. Mcgee, J., Pandey, B., Maskey, A., Frazer, T. and Mackinney, T. (2018) Free dialysis in Nepal: Logistical challenges explored, Hemodialysis International, Wiley Online Library, 22(3), pp. 283–289.
    23. MCGINNIS, S. L. and MOORE, J. (2006) The impact of the aging population on the health workforce in the United States: Summary of key findings, Cahiers de sociologie et de démographie médicales, 46(2), pp. 193–220.
    24. Merendino, A., Dibb, S., Meadows, M., Quinn, L., Wilson, D., Simkin, L. and Canhoto, A. (2018) Big data, big decisions: The impact of big data on board level decision-making, Journal of Business Research, Elsevier, 93, pp. 67–78.
    25. Murray, C. J. L., Barber, R. M., Foreman, K. J., Ozgoren, A. A., Abd-Allah, F., Abera, S. F., Aboyans, V., Abraham, J. P., Abubakar, I. and Abu-Raddad, L. J. (2015) Global, regional, and national disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) for 306 diseases and injuries and healthy life expectancy (HALE) for 188 countries, 1990–2013: quantifying the epidemiological transition, The Lancet, Elsevier, 386(10009), pp. 2145–2191.
    26. Naidu, M. (2019) Leadership and Management Strategies That Promote the Implementation of Consumer-Centred Care in Residential Aged Care Facility, Journal of Biosciences and Medicines, Scientific Research Publishing, 7(06), p. 73.
    27. Önder, A. S. and Schlunk, H. (2019) State taxes, tax exemptions, and elderly migration, Journal of Regional Analysis & Policy, Mid-Continent Regional Science Association, 45(1), pp. 47–67.
    28. Page, A. (2004) Transformational leadership and evidence-based management, Keeping patients safe: Transforming the work environment of nurses, National Academies Press USA, pp. 108–161.
    29. Pandey, N. and Raina, A. (2019) Five decades of research in healthcare pricing: future directions for academia and policymakers, International Journal of Management Practice, Inderscience Publishers (IEL), 12(3), pp. 301–320.
    30.  Pastorino, R., De Vito, C., Migliara, G., Glocker, K., Binenbaum, I., Ricciardi, W. and Boccia,S. (2019) Benefits and challenges of Big Data in healthcare: an overview of the European initiatives, European journal of public health, Oxford University Press, 29(Supplement_3), pp. 23–27.
    31. Ruiz-Roso, M. B., de Carvalho Padilha, P., Mantilla-Escalante, D. C., Ulloa, N., Brun, P., Acevedo-Correa, D., Arantes Ferreira Peres, W., Martorell, M., Aires, M. T. and de Oliveira Cardoso, L. (2020) Covid-19 confinement and changes of adolescent‟s dietary trends in Italy, Spain, Chile, Colombia and Brazil, Nutrients, Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute, 12(6), p. 1807.
    32. Santesmasses, D., Castro, J. P., Zenin, A. A., Shindyapina, A. V, Gerashchenko, M. V, Zhang, B., Kerepesi, C., Yim, S. H., Fedichev, P. O. and Gladyshev, V. N. (2020) COVID-19 is an emergent disease of aging, MedRxiv, Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press.
    33. Stelfox, H. T., Palmisani, S., Scurlock, C., Orav, E. J. and Bates, D. W. (2006) The „To Err is Human‟ report and the patient safety literature, BMJ Quality & Safety, BMJ Publishing Group Ltd, 15(3), pp. 174–178.
    34.  Tahir, N., Yousafzai, I.K., Jan, S. and Hashim, M., 2014. The Impact of Training and Development on Employees Performance and Productivity A case study of United Bank Limited Peshawar City, KPK, Pakistan. International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Sciences, 4(4), p.86.
    35. Takayama, N. (2015) Managing pension and healthcare costs in rapidly aging depopulating countries: the case of Japan, In Strengthening Social Protection in East Asia, Routledge, pp. 37–54.
    36. Ting, R., Edmonds, P., Higginson, I. J. and Sleeman, K. E. (2020) Palliative care for patients with severe covid-19, bmj, British Medical Journal Publishing Group, 370.
    37. Travaglia, J. F., Debono, D., Spigelman, A. D. and Braithwaite, J. (2011) Clinical governance: a review of key concepts in the literature, Clinical Governance: An International Journal.
    38.  Wang, Z., Li, X., Chen, M. and Si, L. (2018) Social health insurance, healthcare utilization, and costs in middle-aged and elderly community-dwelling adults in China, International journal for equity in health, BioMed Central, 17(1), pp. 1–13.
    39. WHO (2020) World Bank Data for Health Expenditure, World Health Organization Global Health Expenditure database, [online] Available from: (Accessed 24 December 2020).
    40. Zimmermann, C. and Rodin, G. (2004) The denial of death thesis: sociological critique and implications for palliative care, Palliative medicine, SAGE Publications Sage UK: London, England, 18(2), pp. 121–128.

Recent Article