Author : Fadwa AlBawardi 1
Date of Publication :20th October 2022
Abstract: In March 2021, the Saudi Arabian Council of Ministers issued a decision to form a committee called the “Higher Committee for Research, Development and Innovation,” a committee linked to the Council of Economic and Development Affairs, chaired by the Chairman of the Council of Economic and Development Affairs, and concerned with the development of the research, development and innovation sector in the Kingdom. In order to talk about the dimensions of this wonderful step, let us first try to answer the following questions... Is there a difference between Creativity and Innovation...? How do they enable Entrepreneurship...? What are the factors of creativity in the individual.. Are they mental genetic factors.. or are they factors that an individual acquires through learning...? The methodology included surveys that have been conducted on more than 300 individuals, males and females, between the ages of 18 till 60. And the answer is.. “Creativity” is the creation of a new idea, while “Innovation” is the development of an already existing idea in a new, successful way. They are two sides of the same coin, as the “creative idea” needs to be developed and transformed into an “innovation” in order to achieve either strategic achievements at the level of countries and institutions to enhance organizational intelligence, or achievements at the level of individuals. For example, the beginning of smart phones was just a creative idea from IBM in 1994, but the actual successful innovation for the manufacture, development and marketing of these phones was through Apple later. Nor does creativity have to be hereditary. There are three basic factors for creativity: The first factor is “the presence of a challenge or an obstacle” that the individual faces and seeks thinking to find solutions to overcome, even if thinking requires a long time. The second factor is the “environment surrounding” of the individual, which includes science, training, experience gained, the ability to use techniques, as well as the ability to assess whether he idea is feasible or otherwise. To achieve this factor, the individual must be aware of own skills, strengths, hobbies, and aspects in which one can be creative, and the individual must also be self-confident and courageous enough to suggest those new ideas. The third factor is “Experience and the Ability to Accept Risk and Lack of Initial Success,” and then learn from mistakes and try again tirelessly. There are some tools and techniques that help the entrepreneurship/individual to reach creative and innovative ideas, such as: Mind Maps tool, through which the available information is drawn by writing a short word for each piece of information and arranging all other relevant information through clear lines, which helps in logical thinking and correct vision. There is also a tool called "Flow Charts", which are graphics that show the sequence of data and expected results according to an ordered scenario of events and workflow steps, giving clarity to the ideas, their sequence, and what is expected of them. There are also other great tools such as the Six Hats tool, a useful tool to be applied by a group of people for effective planning and detailed logical thinking, and the Snowball tool. And all of them are tools that greatly help in organizing and arranging mental thoughts, and making the right decisions. It is also easy to learn, apply and use all those tools and techniques to reach creative and innovative solutions. The detailed figures and results of the conducted surveys are available upon request, with charts showing the %s based on gender, age groups, and job categories.
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